Main Idea This type of RC question is the most common type appearing in examinations.It is advisable to read the entire passage in order to understand the main idea or focus of the passage.However,it is possible at times toget a grasp of the mainidea by reading the first two or three paragraphs,or the first line of each paragraph.However,to be on the safe side,try notlo attempt this quest on before youhave read the entire passage at least once. There are severalvariations of this questiontype.Lei uslake a look at each of them. 1.Theme: This is the universal subject beyond which the passage must never venture.Itis also called the scope of the passage. 2. Centralidea/Main topic: This is the topic thatis being discussed in eac11paragraphof the passage.Keep in mindthat thisis sl ghtly different from the theme.The theme is broaderin range,whie the topic might bevery specific.Look carefully at the question to see what rtis asking. 3. Big picture:This quest on type asks the student to assess the overall content of the passage,rather than the specific details. 4.Thesis: This is the centralargumentthat the author is trying to make,and the stand takenby him in doingso. TiQs for Solving Step 1:Never attempt this questionbefore having read the ent re passage. Step 2:Do not confuseIheme with main topic.Do not focus much on statistical data,specific detai s,examples,evidence andjargon,as these are not much usefulin trying o determine the theme or the central idea of the passage. Step 3:The first and last paragraphs are particularly useful,and they introduce and condude the topic being discussed. Keep in mindthat the passage cannot have any information that goes beyond the theme. Every paragraphin the passage should be directly relevantlo the topic being discussed.The topic that appears common in every paragraphis likeylo be the central idea. Step 4:Eil minate answer choices that go into the specifics of a certain aspect oithe topic. Choose the most suitable option fromthe remaining choices. Let us look at the example we have been solVinq so far.and trv to assess its theme and centra idea.
Tone This is one of the toughest type of RC questions. Most students falter at grasping the tone oi the passage.The tone of the passage reffecls the author's attitude towards the topic being discussedin the passage. TIP.s for Solvi ng Step 1:Read the entire passage first before attemptingthis quest on. Familiarize yourself with the subject matter,and the stance taken by the author towardsit. Step 2:Ask yourself the following question:'What must the mood of the author have been like,whie he was writing the passage?' Whie reading,make a mental note of the adject ves, adverbs and interjections used by the author.Adjectives are words used to describe a noun or a nounphrase, adverbs are used to describe a verb or another adject ve,andinterjections are words that express emotion.Interject ons can be identified by an exclamation mark following them. Given belowis a table of commonly used interjections ,whichwill help you to understand how and when they are used.
Extension This type of RC questions can have several var ations. Typically,the answers to such questions are not ound in the passage.Rather they require the student to analyse or evaluate the information and come up with the oest possiole answer.This is Why such questions can beintimidating or students who are not used readinglarge amounts of text.Some valiations of this type of question are: 1. Title of thepassage: The student is asked to read the passage and choose the most suitaole t tle orit from the options.While doingso,the student must take into consideration the theme.centra idea and tone of the passage. 2. Inferential questions: This is the most common valiation of this question type.The student is asked to answera question based upon his understanding and inference of theinformationgivenin the passage. 3. Application based questions: In this quest ontype,the studentis asked to predicl the autho(s response in a dfferent situation based on theinformation providedin the passage. TiQs for Solving Step 1:Read the passage in order to familiarize yourseff with tts tone,theme and structure.Ths is help in trying to understand if the passageis a thesis,or an artide,or an extract from a oook.Deciding the title will prove easy once you dothis. Step 2:For inferential type of quest ons,eliminate answer choices that containstatements that cannot be certainly inferred fromthe passage. Step 3: For application based quest ons,it is imperative that you understand the autho(s standpoint,opinions, and mood.Only this canhelp you to predict how the author would respond to a dfferent idea or situation. Let us apply these concepts to the example we are dealing with.