## Para Jumble

### Para Jumbles

This is a standard type of question found in banking examinations. Typically, the student is given a set of four or five sentences in jumbled order. The student must arrange these sentences in the correct sequence. The directions ask the student to state the first,second, third, fourth or fifth sentence of the correct sequence of sentences.

This type of para jumbles question is far more difficult to solve than the regular kind,because it does not have theoptions of the possible sequences in the answer choices. The student must arrange the sentences in order on his own,and then proceed to do as the question asks.If the student arranges the sentences in the wrong order,he will end up marking the wrong answer.

Students who are avid readers stand to benefit in solving these type of questions,since they are aware of the order in which sentences are placed in the English language.

Tips for Solving
Step 1: The steps for solving these questions are basically the same as those for solving the regular kind of para jumbles questions.Read the sentences and try to find either the open ing or the closing sentences.

Step 2: A lternat ively look for sentences that form a pair or are connected in someway. Sentences might have cause-effect relationship or may be in a certain chronological sequence.Use of adverbs such as 'therefore', 'moreover', 'hence' etc. can help determine the link between two sentences.

Step 3: If asked for the second,third or fourth sentence,eliminate answer choices that have sentences that seem to either introduce or conclude the topic, since these sentences are likely to be the first or the last sentence respectively.

Step 4: If asked for the first or the last sentence,look for sentences that seek to introduce or conclude the passage. Step 5: Choose the most suitable answer out of the remaining options.

Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

Example Question
1. 1971 war changed the political geography of the subcontinent
2. Despite the significance of the event. There has been no serious book about the conflict
3. Surrender at Dacca aims to fill this gap
4. It also profoundly altered the geo-strategic situation in South-East Asia

A.1324

B.3142

C.2143

D.1423

Solution:
Option(D) is correct

We can see that Option 1 is most likely the starting sentence. Now that we know that 1 is the starting sentence we can eliminate choice B and C as they start with 3 and 2 respectively and not with sentence 1.

This narrows down our possibilities to option A and option D.

Now we can see in option A 3 follows sentence 1 but the gap spoken of in sentence 3 has no correlation with political geography of the subcontinent spoken of in sentence 1 , so we can rule out Option A.
Therefore answer has to be option D, as we can also see it elaborates on the change mentioned in sentence 1.

Odd sentence out

This is one of the standard type of questions in banking and MBA examinations. Four or five sentences in any random sequence will be provided. Usually these sentences, put in the correct order would make up a coherent paragraph. The student's task is to find the sentence that does not fit in the paragraph.

The difficulty in these questions is that they are time consuming since the student must first arrange the sentences in the proper order and then identify the odd sentence. There are a few tips and tricks that might help the student in doing so.

Tips for Solving

Step 1: Read the sentences and try to find the common subject or general theme that they seek to discuss. Once you have a fair idea of what that subject or theme is, find the opening sentence that introduces this subject. Alternatively, you can also look for the closing sentence; i.e. the one that concludes the topic being discussed.

Step 2:The best way to eliminate the number of choices, is to find two sentences that share a connection. They might have a cause-effect relationship, or the second sentence might build up on the ideas introduced by the first. The object behind this is that once you find two connected sentences, you may be sure that neither of these sentences is the odd one out.

Step 3: Attempt the question initially as a para jumble question. Arrange the given sentences in the most coherent order, the sentence you find difficult to fit in the sequence is the right answer. Typically, the odd sentence might have the following characteristics:

3a: It may share the same subject matter as the other sentences, but fail to establish a link with the rest.

3b: It may be distantly related to the topic being discussed at hand, but might be tangentially proceeding. For instance, it may be founded in the main idea but go onto describe a concept which does not bear direct relevance to the subject.

3c: It may differ from the other sentences in terms of the tone and writing style.

3d: It may go into specific details of a concept, while the rest of the sentences only speak of the concept from a broader standpoint.

3e: It may give in-depth examples of a concept while the rest of the sentences give the explanation or significance of the concept.

3f: On rare occasions, it may be unusually long drawn out, and complicated, while the rest of the sentences are concise and to-the-point. This should not be used as a criterion for elimination, however.

Example Question

Directions: Five statements are given below, labelled A, B, C, D and E, among these, four statements are in logical order and form a coherent paragraph/passage. From the given options, choose the option that does not fit into the theme of the passage.

A. It has now become too easy to brand anyone articulating differences with a homogeneous construct of nationalism.

B. The alternative progressive nationalism would entail a different understanding of India, with the focal point being the unprivileged, and would advocate going beyond the confines of territorial nationalism.

C. This is because cultural nationalism — an idea that has been associated with those in power today — basically seeks to subsume the “other” within a limiting construction of the self and the nation.

D. This also explains why cultural nationalists played a peripheral and even regressive role in the freedom struggle.

E. Dalits who reject Brahminical Hinduism, leftists and secular intellectuals who reject Hindutva, beef-eaters, inter-religious couples and even dissidents who argue for freedom from hunger, patriarchy and caste oppression, are branded as “anti-national”.

A. A
B. B
C. C
D. D
E. E